VCAP5-DCD Study Guide – part 2

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Here is the exam blueprint

 

http://mylearn.vmware.com/lcms/web/portals/certification/VCAP_Blueprints/VCAP5-DCD-Exam-Blueprint-v3_0.pdf

Table of Contents
1. The Exam
1.1 Purpose of Exam
1.2 Number of Questions
1.3 Passing Score
1.4 How Objectives Relate to Questions on the Exam
1.5 Languages
1.6 Time Limit
1.7 Scheduling and Taking the Exam
1.8 Certification Tracks
1.9 Recertification
1.10 Retake Policy
1.11 Exam Security
2. Intended Audience
2.1 Intended Audience
3. Objectives covered in the VCAP5-DCD Exam
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Objectives
4. VCAP5-DCD Paths and Suggested Courses
4.1 VCAP5-DCD Path Options
4.2 Suggested Courses
5. Additional Resources
5.1 Mock Exam
5.3 Building a vSphere Test Environment

I will focus on the key points and areas in this to summarize it. The important areas are at section 3

1.2 Number of Questions
The VCAP5-DCD Exam contains 100 questions.
During the exam candidates are presented with 6 design items

Once you have provided a complete answer or design for a given exam item and advanced to the next item,
you will NOT be allowed to return to that item and the item cannot be flagged for later review.

1.3 Passing Score
The passing score for this exam is 300.

1.6 Time Limit
The total time for this exam is 225 minutes.

1.7 Scheduling and Taking the Exam
This exam is administered through Pearson VUE.

3. Objectives covered in the VCAP5-DCD Exam

3.2 Objectives
Prior to taking this exam, candidates should understand each of the following objectives. Each objective is listed below; along with related tools the candidate should have experience with, and related documentation that contains information relevant to the objective. All objectives may also be referenced in other product documentation not specifically highlighted below. The candidate should be familiar with all relevant product documentation or have an equivalent skill set.

Section 1 – Create a vSphere Conceptual Design

Objective 1.1 – Gather and analyze business requirements

Skills and Abilities
 Associate a stakeholder with the information that needs to be collected.
 Utilize customer inventory and assessment data from a current environment to define a baseline
state.
 Analyze customer interview data to explicitly define customer objectives for a conceptual design.
 Identify the need for and apply requirements tracking.
 Given results of a requirements gathering survey, identify requirements for a conceptual design.
 Categorize requirements by infrastructure qualities to prepare for logical design requirements.

Tools
 VMware Virtualization Case Studies
 Five Steps to Determine When to Virtualize Your Servers
 Functional vs. Non-Functional Requirements
 Conceptual, Logical, Physical: It is Simple
 Product Documentation

Objective 1.2 – Gather and analyze application requirements
Skills and Abilities
 Given a scenario, gather and analyze application requirements
 Given a set of applications within a physical environment, determine the requirements for
virtualization.
 Gather information needed in order to identify application dependencies.
 Given one or more application requirements, determine the impact of the requirements on the
design.

Tools
 VMware Cost-Per-Application Calculator
 VMware Virtualizing Oracle Kit
 VMware Virtualizing Exchange Kit
 VMware Virtualizing SQL Kit
 VMware Virtualizing SAP Kit
 VMware Virtualizing Enterprise Java Kit
 Business and Financial Benefits of Virtualization: Customer Benchmarking Study
 Product Documentation
Objective 1.3 – Determine Risks, Constraints, and Assumptions

Skills and Abilities
 Differentiate between the general concepts of a risk, a requirement, a constraint, and an
assumption.
 Given a statement, determine whether it is a risk, requirement, a constraint, or an assumption.
 Analyze impact of VMware best practices to identified risks, constraints, and assumptions.
Tools
 Developing Your Virtualization Strategy and Deployment Plan
 Product Documentation

Section 2 – Create a vSphere Logical Design from an Existing Conceptual Design

Objective 2.1 –Map Business Requirements to the Logical Design
Knowledge
 Explain the common components of logical design.
 List the detailed steps that go into the makeup of a common logical design.
 Differentiate functional and non-functional requirements for the design.

Skills and Abilities
 Build non-functional requirements into a specific logical design.
 Translate given business requirements and the current state of a customer environment into a
logical design.
 Create a Service Catalog
Tools
 Conceptual, Logical, Physical: It is Simple
 VMware vSphere Basics Guide
 What’s New in VMware vSphere 5
 Functional vs. Non-Functional Requirements
 ITIL v3 Introduction and Overview
 Product Documentation
Objective 2.2 – Map Service Dependencies
Knowledge
 Identify basic service dependencies for infrastructure and application services.
Skills and Abilities
 Document service relationships and dependencies (Entity Relationship Diagrams)
 Identify interfaces to existing business processes and define new business processes
 Given a scenario, identify logical components that have dependencies on certain services.
 Include service dependencies in a vSphere 5 logical design.
 Analyze services to identify upstream and downstream service dependencies.
 Having navigated logical components and their interdependencies, make decisions based upon all
service relationships.

Tools
 Datacenter Operational Excellence Through Automated Application Discovery & Dependency
Mapping
 Product Documentation

Objective 2.3 – Build Availability Requirements into the Logical Design
Knowledge
 Understand what logical availability services are provided by VMware solutions.
 Identify and differentiate infrastructure qualities (Availability, Manageability, Performance,
Recoverability, Security)
 Describe the concept of redundancy and the risks associated with single points of failure.
 Differentiate Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery concepts.

Skills and Abilities
 Determine availability component of service level agreements (SLAs) and service level
management processes.
 Explain availability solutions for a logical design based on customer requirements.
 Define an availability plan, including maintenance processes.
 Prioritize each service in the Service Catalog according to availability requirements.
 Balance availability requirements with other infrastructure qualities

Tools
 Improving Business Continuity with VMware Virtualization Solution Brief
 VMware High Availability Deployment Best Practices
 vSphere Availability Guide
 Product Documentation

Objective 2.4 – Build Manageability Requirements into the Logical Design
Knowledge
 Understand what management services are provided by VMware solutions.
 Identify and differentiate infrastructure qualities (Availability, Manageability, Performance,
Recoverability, Security)

Skills and Abilities
 Build interfaces to existing operations practices into the logical design
 Address identified operational readiness deficiencies
 Define Event, Incident and Problem Management practices
 Define Release Management practices
 Determine Request Fulfillment processes
 Design Service Asset and Configuration Management (CMDB) systems
 Define Change Management processes
 Based on customer requirements, identify required reporting assets and processes
Tools
 Optimizing Your VMware Environment
 Four Keys to Managing Your VMware Environment
 Operational Readiness Assessment
 Operational Readiness Assessment Tool
 Product Documentation

Objective 2.5 – Build Performance Requirements into the Logical Design
Knowledge
 Understand what logical performance services are provided by VMware solutions.
 Identify and differentiate infrastructure qualities (Availability, Manageability, Performance,
Recoverability, Security)
 List the key performance indicators for resource utilization.

Skills and Abilities
 Analyze current performance, identify and address gaps when building the logical design.
 Using a conceptual design, create a logical design that meets performance requirements.
 Identify performance-related functional requirements based on given non-functional
requirements and service dependencies.
 Define capacity management practices and create a capacity plan.
 Incorporate scalability requirements into the logical design.
 Determine performance component of SLAs and service level management processes.

Tools
 Proven Practice: Implementing ITIL v3 Capacity Management in a VMware environment
 vSphere Monitoring and Performance Guide
 Product Documentation

Objective 2.6 – Build Recoverability Requirements into the Logical Design
Knowledge
 Understand what recoverability services are provided by VMware solutions.
 Identify and differentiate infrastructure qualities (Availability, Manageability, Performance,
Recoverability, Security)
 Differentiate Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery concepts.
 Describe and differentiate between RTO and RPO

Skills and Abilities
 Given specific RTO and RPO requirements, build these requirements into the logical design.
 Given recoverability requirements, identify the services that will be impacted and provide a
recovery plan for impacted services.
 Given specific regulatory compliance requirements, build these requirements into the logical
design.
 Based on customer requirements, identify applicable site failure / site recovery use cases.
 Determine recoverability component of SLAs and service level management processes.
 Based on customer requirements, create a data retention policy.

Tools
 VMware vCenter™ Site Recovery Manager Evaluation Guide
 A Practical Guide to Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery with VMware Infrastructure
 Mastering Disaster Recovery: Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Whitepaper
 Designing Backup Solutions for VMware vSphere
 Product Documentation

Objective 2.7 – Build Security Requirements into the Logical Design
Knowledge
 Understand what security services are provided by VMware solutions.
 Identify and differentiate infrastructure qualities (Availability, Manageability, Performance,
Recoverability, Security).
 Describe layered security considerations, including but not limited to Trust Zones.

Skills and Abilities
 Identify required roles, create a role-based access model and map roles to services.
 Create a security policy based on existing security requirements and IT governance practices.
 Incorporate customer risk tolerance into the security policy.
 Given security requirements, assess the services that will be impacted and create an access
management plan.
 Given a regulatory requirement example, determine the proper security solution that would
comply with it.
 Based upon a specified security requirement, analyze the current state for areas of
compliance/non-compliance.
 Explain how compliance requirements will impact the logical security design.

Tools
 vSphere Security Guide
 Developing Your Virtualization Strategy and Deployment Plan
 Achieving Compliance in a Virtualized Environment
 Infrastructure Security: Getting to the Bottom of Compliance in the Cloud
 Securing the Cloud
 Product Documentation

Section 3 – Create a vSphere Physical Design from an Existing Logical Design

Objective 3.1 – Transition from a Logical Design to a vSphere 5 Physical Design
Skills and Abilities
 Determine and explain design decisions and options selected from the logical design.
 Build functional requirements into the physical design. Copyright ©2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Use of any VMware Certified
logo is restricted to individuals who have achieved the respective certification.
12

 Given a logical design, create a physical design taking into account requirements, assumptions and
constraints.
 Given the operational structure of an organization, identify the appropriate management tools
and roles for each staff member.

Tools
 Conceptual, Logical, Physical: It is Simple
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 vSphere Virtual Machine Administration Guide
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 3.2 – Create a vSphere 5 Physical Network Design from an Existing Logical Design
Knowledge
 Describe VLAN options, including Private VLANs, with respect to virtual and physical switches.
 Describe switch-specific settings for ESXi-facing ports, including but not limited to:
o STP
o Jumbo Frames
o Load-balancing
o Trunking
 Describe network redundancy considerations at each individual component level.
 Cite virtual switch security policies and settings

Skills and Abilities
 Based on the service catalog and given functional requirements, for each service:
o Determine the most appropriate networking technologies for the design.
o Implement the service based on the required infrastructure qualities (AMPRS).
 Determine and explain the selected network teaming and failover solution.
 Implement logical Trust Zones using network security/firewall technologies.
 Based on service level requirements, determine appropriate network performance characteristics.
 Given a current network configuration as well as technical requirements and constraints,
determine the appropriate virtual switch solution:
o vSphere Standard Switch
o vSphere Distributed Switch
o Third-party solutions (ex. Nexus 1000V)
o Hybrid solutions
 Based on an existing logical design, determine appropriate host networking resources.
 Properly apply converged networking considering VMware best practices. Copyright ©2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Use of any VMware Certified
logo is restricted to individuals who have achieved the respective certification.
13

Tools
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 vSphere Installation and Setup Guide
 vMotion Architecture, Performance and Best Practices in VMware vSphere 5
 VMware vSphere™: Deployment Methods for the VMware® vNetwork Distributed Switch
 vNetwork Distributed Switch: Migration and Configuration
 Guidelines for Implementing VMware vSphere with the Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Switch
 VMware® Network I/O Control: Architecture, Performance and Best Practices
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 3.3 – Create a vSphere 5 Physical Storage Design from an Existing Logical Design
Knowledge
 Describe selection criteria for commonly used RAID types
Skills and Abilities
 Based on the service catalog and given functional requirements, for each service:
o Determine the most appropriate storage technologies for the design.
o Implement the service based on the required infrastructure qualities.
 Create a physical storage design based on selected storage array capabilities, including but not
limited to:
o Active/Active, Active/Passive
o ALUA, VAAI, VASA
o PSA (including PSPs and SATPs)
 Identify proper combination of media and port criteria for given end-to-end performance
requirements.
 Specify the type of zoning that conforms to best practices and documentation.
 Based on service level requirements utilize VMware technologies, including but not limited to:
o Storage I/O Control
o Storage Policies
o Storage vMotion
o Storage DRS
 Determine use case for virtual storage appliances, including the vSphere Storage Appliance.
 Given the functional requirements, size the storage for capacity, availability and performance,
including:
o Virtual Storage (Datastores, RDMs, Virtual Disks)
o Physical Storage (LUNs, Storage Tiering)
 Based on the logical design, select and incorporate an appropriate storage network into the
physical design:
o iSCSI
o NFS
o FC
o FCoE

Tools
 Fibre Channel SAN Configuration Guide
 iSCSI SAN Configuration Guide
 vSphere Installation and Setup Guide
 Performance Implications of Storage I/O Control–Enabled NFS Datastores in VMware vSphere® 5.0
 Managing Performance Variance of Applications Using Storage I/O Control
 VMware Virtual Machine File System: Technical Overview and Best Practices
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 3.4 – Determine Appropriate Compute Resources for a vSphere 5 Physical Design
Knowledge
 Describe best practices with respect to CPU family choices.
Skills and Abilities
 Based on the service catalog and given functional requirements, for each service:
o Determine the most appropriate compute technologies for the design.
o Implement the service based on the required infrastructure qualities.
 Explain the impact of a technical design on the choice of server density:
o Scale Up
o Scale Out
o Auto Deploy
 Determine a consolidation ratio based upon capacity analysis data.
 Calculate the number of nodes in an HA cluster based upon host failure count and resource
guarantees.
 Explain the implications of using reservations, limits, and shares on the physical design.
 Specify the resource pool and vApp configuration based upon resource requirements.
 Size compute resources:
o Memory
o CPU
o I/O devices
o Internal storage
 Given a constraint to use existing hardware, determine suitability of the hardware for the design.

Tools
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 vSphere Installation and Setup Guide
 vSphere Resource Management Guide
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 3.5 – Determine Virtual Machine Configuration for a vSphere 5 Physical Design
Knowledge
 Describe the applicability of using an RDM or a virtual disk for a given VM.

Skills and Abilities
 Based on the service catalog and given functional requirements, for each service:
o Determine the most appropriate virtual machine configuration for the design.
o Implement the service based on the required infrastructure qualities.
 Based on an existing logical design, determine appropriate virtual disk type and placement.
 Size VMs appropriately according to application requirements, incorporating VMware best
practices.
 Determine appropriate reservations, shares, and limits.
 Based on an existing logical design, determine virtual hardware options.
 Design a vApp catalog of appropriate VM offerings (e.g., templates, OVFs, vCO).
 Describe implications of and apply appropriate use cases for vApps.
 Decide on the suitability of using FT or 3rd party clustering products based on application
requirements.
 Determine and implement an anti-virus solution

Tools
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 Virtual Machine Administration Guide
 Best Practices for Performance Tuning of Latency-Sensitive Workloads in vSphere VMs
 Virtualizing a Windows Active Directory Domain Infrastructure
 Guest Operating System Installation Guide
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 3.6 – Determine Data Center Management Options for a vSphere 5 Physical Design
Knowledge
 Differentiate and describe client access options.

Skills and Abilities
 Based on the service catalog and given functional requirements, for each service:
o Determine the most appropriate datacenter management options for the design.
o Implement the service based on the required infrastructure qualities.
 Analyze cluster availability requirements for HA and FT.
 Analyze cluster performance requirements for DRS and vMotion.
 Analyze cluster storage performance requirements for SDRS and Storage vMotion.
 Determine the appropriate vCenter Server design and sizing requirements:
o vCenter Server Linked Mode
o vCenter Server Virtual Appliance
o vCenter Server Heartbeat
 Determine appropriate access control settings, create roles and assign users to roles.
 Based on the logical design, identify and implement asset and configuration management
technologies.
 Determine appropriate host and virtual machine deployment options.
 Based on the logical design, identify and implement release management technologies, such as
Update Manager.
 Based on the logical design identify and implement event, incident and problem management
technologies.
 Based on the logical design, identify and implement logging, monitoring and reporting
technologies.
Tools
 vSphere Monitoring and Performance Guide
 vCenter Server and Host Management Guide
 VMware vCenter Update Manager 5.0 Performance and Best Practices
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Section 4 – Implementation Planning

Objective 4.1 – Create an Execute a Validation Plan

Knowledge
 Recall standard functional test areas for design and operational verification.
 Differentiate between operational testing and design verification.
Skills and Abilities
 From an existing template, choose the appropriate test areas.
 Identify expected results
 Demonstrate an ability to track results in an organized fashion
 Compare actual and expected results and explain differences
 Apply validation plan metrics to demonstrate traceability to business objectives

Tools
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 Validation Test Plan
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 4.2 – Create an Implementation Plan

Skills and Abilities
 Based on key phases of enterprise vSphere 5 implementations, map customer development needs
to a standard implementation plan template.
 Evaluate customer implementation requirements and provide a customized implementation plan.
 Incorporate customer objectives into a phased implementation schedule.
 Match customer skills and abilities to implementation resource requirements.
 Identify and correct implementation plan gaps.

Tools
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 Operational Test Requirement Cases
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client

Objective 4.3 – Create an Installation Guide

Knowledge

 Identify standard resources required to construct an installation guide.

Skills and Abilities
 Consider multiple product installation dependencies to create a validated configuration.
 Recognize opportunities to utilize automated procedures to optimize installation.
 Create installation documentation specific to the design.

Tools
 vSphere Server and Host Management Guide
 Deployment Guide
 Product Documentation
 vSphere Client
4. VCAP5-DCD Paths and Suggested Courses
4.1 VCAP5-DCD Path Options

4.2 Suggested Courses
The VCAP5-DCD Exam covers the principles and theory of designing vSphere architectures. VMware offers a
course that covers this body of knowledge, as shown below:

VMware vSphere: Design Workshop [v5.0]
This 3 day course explores a design methodology, criteria, and approach for designing a VMware
vSphere® 5 virtual infrastructure. Given an organization’s constraints and requirements, the
infrastructure should be available, scalable, manageable, and secure while meeting the organization’s
business objectives. The course is based on VMware ESXi™ and VMware vCenter™ Server 5. This
course, by discussing the benefits and risks of available design alternatives, provides information that
supports making sound design decisions. This course also provides an opportunity to practice your
design skills by working with peers on a design project.
 Understand and apply the VMware® Architecture Framework to a design
 Design a storage solution to use vSphere in an enterprise
 Design a network to use vSphere in an enterprise
 Design compute resources for an enterprise
 Design virtual machines to run applications in a virtual infrastructure
 Design a virtual data center for an enterprise
 Incorporate management and monitoring features in the design
 Identify design goals, requirements, constraints, and risks
 Recognize and analyze best-practice recommendations
This course covers design related objectives on the VCAP5-DCD Exam. All vSphere designs follow a
specific VMware methodology that is covered in this course. It is highly recommended that
candidates that have not designed a vSphere environment using this methodology attend either this
workshop or the partner equivalent training prior to taking the VCAP5-DCD Exam.

Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Design [v5.X]
This 4.5 hour eLearning course covers the concept of a disaster, including recovery sites, disaster
recovery (DR), business continuity (BC) issues, and the planning process.

Objectives include:
 Describe what a “disaster” is and what it is not.
 Describe the difference between a Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) and a Business Continuity
Plan (BCP).
 Describe the importance of remote recovery sites in a DRP.
 Describe the importance of storage architecture in a DRP/BCP.
 Describe the issues involved in disaster recovery and business continuity.
 Use decision trees to design DRPs.
 Use decision trees to develop BCPs.
 Discuss the features and functions of VMware products that map to tasks within the creation
of DRPs and BCPs.

This course covers design related objectives for disaster recovery and business continuity that are
covered on the VCAP5-DCD Exam. This course provides an overview of these topics only; additional
resources should be used to prepare for the exam.
5. Additional Resources
5.1 Mock Exam
VMware provides a simulation of the design-tool found on the exam. This simulation is located at:
http://mylearn.vmware.com/register.cfm?course=149330

5.2 VCAP Community
VMware provides an online community for VCAP5-DCD candidates. This community contains valuable
information from other candidates and senior VCAPs, and is moderated by VMware certification staff.
The community is located at: http://communities.vmware.com/community/vmtn/certedu/certification/vcap
5.3 Building a vSphere Test Environment
All VMware products, including VMware vSphere 5, can be downloaded and evaluated for 60 days. If you
have the equipment to install a copy of ESXi 5.x, you can install ESXi in a VM. This would allow you to install
multiple copies of ESXi and a copy of VMware vCenter Server. For shared storage, obtain a virtual appliance
that contains an iSCSI target. Several of these are available on the appliance marketplace.

The next post will focus on training resources

https://substructurenetworks.wordpress.com/2014/07/06/vcap5-dcd-study-guide-part-3/

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One thought on “VCAP5-DCD Study Guide – part 2

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